Understanding the terms used in Blackjack is kind of useful to improve your game. This casino game, also known as “twenty-one”, is an exciting card and strategy game whose origins date back to 18th century France. Its popularity is the same as slot games.
Unlike other casino games, Blackjack allows the player to have some control over his or her game: the player is free to choose certain options and adjust his or her game and stakes according to his or her preferences.
A Brief History of Blackjack
Before you understand the terms used in Blackjack, the game was first played in French casinos under the name “Vingt-et-un” in the eighteenth century.
When Blackjack (also written Blackjack, and Blackjack in French) was introduced in the United States, it was not very popular. Casinos then tried to attract players by creating different bonuses.
The name Blackjack comes from a casino bonus where the player holding the jack and the ace of spades at the same time was awarded a payout of 10: 1.
Since the jack of spades, Jack of the spade in English, was of paramount importance, and the cards of spades are black, the name of Blackjack was adopted, and has remained to this day, even though the bonus associated with this hand was abolished.
In some countries, Blackjack was authorized again in 1969, this game has since enjoyed a certain popularity.
The Basic Strategy of Blackjack
In 1956, Roger Baldwin published an article titled “The optimum strategy in Blackjack” in the journal of the American Association of Statistics which studied the rules of Blackjack in a mathematical way and proposed an optimal playing strategy.
BlackJack requires strategy and the ability to read card values. This game is different from slot gambling games which only rely on luck.
Depending on the dealer’s card and the player’s cards. This basic Blackjack strategy reduces the casino’s edge to less than 1% depending on the variation of the game.
The Important Terms Used in Blackjack
Since its inception, Blackjack has come a long way to become one of the most popular games in casinos today. It combines both chance and strategy while offering a low house advantage that maximizes the player’s winnings. Take a look at the terms which are most used in casino Blackjack.
1. Abandon (surrender)
The fact of abandoning the game at the end of the first card distribution by recovering half of the total stake.
2. Assurance (insurance)
A side bet, usually limited to half of the player’s initial or first bet, that the dealer offers players when the dealer’s face up card is an Ace. However, if the dealer has good cards, the player picks up insurance but loses their initial bet.
This is an option to be avoided as it provides an added benefit to the home.
The name of the game, and the term for a two-card hand totaling 21 points (Ace-log). It’s also known as Natural..
A head (jack, queen, king) or a 10.
The deal designates the two cards dealt to the player and the first card dealt to the dealer.
The possibility that a player has to double his bet by receiving a single additional card; a good strategy especially if you have an 11. Can be done face up or face down (double down).
7. Equality (draw)
When the dealer and the player have the same value of cards. A tie means that neither the dealer nor the player loses.
8. Stay, Refuse (stand)
The fact of not requesting an additional card; when you are happy with the value of your cards or think you might jump.
9. Split / share
Possibility of the player to divide an initial pair (two identical cards) into two separate hands, after having made a second bet of an equivalent value to the first.
10. Exit / Jump / Puncture / Burn (bust)
Going over 21 in one hand which means you’ve lost.
11. Basic strategy
A series of actions to be performed based on your cards and the dealer’s cards aimed at reducing the casino’s edge to less than 1%. The basic strategy is based on a mathematical probability model. There are many examples of Blackjack techniques available online.
12. Stiff (Stiff hand)
This terms used in Blackjack is a hand with a total between 12 and 16. Stiff comes from the English “stretched” or “difficult”, which means that the hand has a chance to jump.
13. Soft or Hard
A soft hand has an Ace which can be considered to be 1 or 11. For example Ace-6 can be worth 7 or 17. A stiff hand is said to be a hand where the Ace is 1. For example: Ace-6-10.
The act of asking the dealer for an additional card.
How to Play Blackjack Correctly?
In Blackjack, also known as 21, the objective is to beat the dealer, not the other players. There are two ways to win: get a hand with a total point value (up to 21) greater than the dealer’s; or avoid “bursting”, that is to say having a total that exceeds 21 points before the croupier. That’s all.
However, you can try these 4 simple steps to winning at Blackjack:
- Start with a game plan; set your budget in advance and stick to it
- Know how a round plays out, from card values and hands to what it takes to beat the dealer
- Pull, stop, split or double: learn all the controls and how to use them
- Pick the right Blackjack table, starting with the lowest bet amount if you are new to the game. Do not hesitate to observe the game before playing to understand the flow
Finally, there are the main terms used in Blackjack tables that you will also find on many software games offered by online casinos.
The games are not always translated into English, so it can be interesting to play several games in demo mode for free in order to familiarize yourself with the above terms before starting your online Blackjack games for real money!
Blackjack is a fascinating game that combines strategy and luck and offers one of the smallest house advantages of casino games. If you haven’t already, give it a try at pokerace99 as most online casinos do!